Performing a Reverse IP Lookup in Ruby, Python, and Bash
A reverse DNS lookup is sometimes called a reverse IP lookup because you start with an IP address and use it to lookup a hostname. For example, if you have an IP address like 184.108.40.206, a reverse DNS lookup will return the hostname crawl-66-249-64-10.googlebot.com.
You might also see reverse DNS lookups referred to as reverse DNS resolution, reverse PTR lookup, or reverse Pointer DNS lookup. They’re all synonymous.
Since reverse DNS lookups are a pretty common task, many languages have libraries that support lookups. We’ll cover performing a reverse IP lookup in 3 popular languages:
require'dnsruby'resolver=Dnsruby::Resolver.new.query'220.127.116.11'# ;; Security Level : UNCHECKED# ;; HEADER SECTION# ;; id = 59252# ;; qr = true opcode = Query aa = false tc = false rd = true# ;; ra = true ad = false cd = true rcode = NOERROR# ;; qdcount = 1 ancount = 1 nscount = 4 arcount = 5# # OPT pseudo-record : payloadsize 1280, xrcode 0, version 0, flags 32768# # ;; QUESTION SECTION (1 record)# ;; 18.104.22.168.in-addr.arpa. IN PTR# # ;; ANSWER SECTION (1 record)# 22.214.171.124.in-addr.arpa. 86068 IN PTR crawl-203-208-60-1.googlebot.com.# # ;; AUTHORITY SECTION (4 records)# 60.208.203.in-addr.arpa. 86068 IN NS ns1.google.com.# 60.208.203.in-addr.arpa. 86068 IN NS ns3.google.com.# 60.208.203.in-addr.arpa. 86068 IN NS ns4.google.com.# 60.208.203.in-addr.arpa. 86068 IN NS ns2.google.com.# # ;; ADDITIONAL SECTION (5 records)# ns2.google.com. 303789 IN A 126.96.36.199# ns3.google.com. 219381 IN A 188.8.131.52# ns4.google.com. 303744 IN A 184.108.40.206# ns1.google.com. 303769 IN A 220.127.116.11reversed_dns=resolver.answer.domainname.to_s# "crawl-203-208-60-1.googlebot.com"
net-dns is also a great gem and is regularly maintained. net-dns is a close port of perl’s Net::DNS and it shares almost all the same powerful functionality. So if you’re familiar with the perl library, this might be the gem for you.
Reverse DNS in ruby using ‘net-dns’
require'net/dns/resolver'resolver=Net::DNS::Resolver.new.search'18.104.22.168'# ;; Answer received from 10.44.225.18:53 (89 bytes)# ;;# ;; HEADER SECTION# ;; id = 26855# ;; qr = 1opCode: QUERYaa = 0tc = 0rd = 1# ;; ra = 1ad = 0cd = 0rcode = NoError# ;; qdCount = 1anCount = 18nsCount = 0arCount = 0# # ;; QUESTION SECTION (1 record):# ;; 22.214.171.1243.in-addr.arpa. IN PTR # # ;; ANSWER SECTION (1 record):# 126.96.36.199.in-addr.arpa. 47300 IN PTR crawl-203-208-60-1.googlebot.com.reversed_dns=resolver.answer.ptr# "crawl-203-208-60-1.googlebot.com."
Pythonic Reverse IP Lookups
For python, the fast and simple approach is to use the already built in socket library. Using the aptly named gethostbyaddr method, the lookup is fairly easy:
Reverse DNS lookups are probably the easiest from the command line. Most linux platforms support this right out of the box. Here we’re using my terminal app on Mac OS X; and it couldn’t be simpler. Just use the host command followed by an IP address.
Reverse DNS lookup on the Command Line
~$ host 188.8.131.52
184.108.40.206.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer crawl-66-249-66-1.googlebot.com.
You can also quickly do forward DNS lookups using the same host command:
Forward DNS lookup on the Command Line
~$ host crawl-66-249-66-1.googlebot.com
crawl-66-249-66-1.googlebot.com has address 220.127.116.11